PROLOGThis manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
NAMEsys/mman.h --- memory management declarations
DESCRIPTIONThe <sys/mman.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants for use as protection options:
- Page can be executed.
- Page cannot be accessed.
- Page can be read.
- Page can be written. The <sys/mman.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants for use as flag options:
- Interpret addr exactly.
- Changes are private.
- Share changes. The <sys/mman.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants for the msync() function:
- Perform asynchronous writes.
- Invalidate mappings.
- Perform synchronous writes. The <sys/mman.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants for the mlockall() function:
- Lock currently mapped pages.
- Lock pages that become mapped. The <sys/mman.h> header shall define the symbolic constant MAP_FAILED which shall have type void * and shall be used to indicate a failure from the mmap() function . If the Advisory Information option is supported, the <sys/mman.h> header shall define symbolic constants for the advice argument to the posix_madvise() function as follows:
The application expects that it will not access the specified range in the near future.
The application has no advice to give on its behavior with respect to the specified range. It is the default characteristic if no advice is given for a range of memory.
The application expects to access the specified range in a random order.
The application expects to access the specified range sequentially from lower addresses to higher addresses.
The application expects to access the specified range in the near future. The <sys/mman.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants for use as flags for the posix_typed_mem_open() function:
Allocate on mmap().
Allocate contiguously on mmap().
Map on mmap(), without affecting allocatability. The <sys/mman.h> header shall define the mode_t, off_t, and size_t types as described in <sys_types.h>. The <sys/mman.h> header shall define the posix_typed_mem_info structure, which shall include at least the following member:
size_t posix_tmi_length Maximum length which may be allocated from a typed memory object.
int mlock(const void *, size_t); int mlockall(int); void *mmap(void *, size_t, int, int, int, off_t); int mprotect(void *, size_t, int); int msync(void *, size_t, int); int munlock(const void *, size_t); int munlockall(void); int munmap(void *, size_t); int posix_madvise(void *, size_t, int); int posix_mem_offset(const void *restrict, size_t, off_t *restrict, size_t *restrict, int *restrict); int posix_typed_mem_get_info(int, struct posix_typed_mem_info *); int posix_typed_mem_open(const char *, int, int); int shm_open(const char *, int, mode_t); int shm_unlink(const char *);
The following sections are informative.
SEE ALSO<sys_types.h> The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2008, mlock(), mlockall(), mmap(), mprotect(), msync(), munmap(), posix_madvise(), posix_mem_offset(), posix_typed_mem_get_info(), posix_typed_mem_open(), shm_open(), shm_unlink()
COPYRIGHTPortions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .