NAMEsystemd-resolve - Resolve domain names, IPV4 and IPv6 addresses, DNS resource records, and services
systemd-resolve [OPTIONS...] HOSTNAME...
- systemd-resolve [OPTIONS...] ADDRESS...
- systemd-resolve [OPTIONS...] --type=TYPE RRDOMAIN...
- systemd-resolve [OPTIONS...] --service [[NAME] TYPE] DOMAIN
- systemd-resolve [OPTIONS...] --statistics
- systemd-resolve [OPTIONS...] --reset-statistics
- systemd-resolve [OPTIONS...] ADDRESS...
The --type= switch may be used to specify a DNS resource record type (A, AAAA, SOA, MX, ...) in order to request a specific DNS resource record, instead of the address or reverse address lookups. The special value "help" may be used to list known values.
The --service switch may be used to resolve m[blue]SRVm
The --statistics switch may be used to show resolver statistics, including information about the number of succesful and failed DNSSEC validations.
The --reset-statistics may be used to reset various statistics counters maintained the resolver, including those shown in the --statistics output. This operation requires root privileges.
- By default, when resolving a hostname, both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses are acquired. By specifying -4 only IPv4 addresses are requested, by specifying -6 only IPv6 addresses are requested.
-i INTERFACE, --interface=INTERFACE
- Specifies the network interface to execute the query on. This may either be specified as numeric interface index or as network interface string (e.g. "en0"). Note that this option has no effect if system-wide DNS configuration (as configured in /etc/resolv.conf or /etc/systemd/resolve.conf) in place of per-link configuration is used.
-p PROTOCOL, --protocol=PROTOCOL
Specifies the network protocol for the query. May be one of
(i.e. classic unicast DNS),
(m[blue]Link-Local Multicast Name Resolutionm), "llmr-ipv4", "llmnr-ipv6" (LLMNR via the indicated underlying IP protocols). By default the lookup is done via all protocols suitable for the lookup. If used, limits the set of protocols that may be used. Use this option multiple times to enable resolving via multiple protocols at the same time. The setting "llmnr" is identical to specifying this switch once with "llmnr-ipv4" and once via "llmnr-ipv6". Note that this option does not force the service to resolve the operation with the specified protocol, as that might require a suitable network interface and configuration. The special value "help" may be used to list known values.
-t TYPE, --type=TYPE, -c CLASS, --class=CLASS
- Specifies the DNS resource record type (e.g. A, AAAA, MX, ...) and class (e.g. IN, ANY, ...) to look up. If these options are used a DNS resource record set matching the specified class and type is requested. The class defaults to IN if only a type is specified. The special value "help" may be used to list known values.
- Enables service resolution. This enables DNS-SD and simple SRV service resolution, depending on the specified list of parameters (see above).
- Takes a boolean parameter. If true (the default), when doing a service lookup with --service the hostnames contained in the SRV resource records are resolved as well.
- Takes a boolean parameter. If true (the default), when doing a DNS-SD service lookup with --service the TXT service metadata record is resolved as well.
- Takes a boolean parameter. If true (the default), DNS CNAME or DNAME redirections are followed. Otherwise, if a CNAME or DNAME record is encountered while resolving, an error is returned.
- Takes a boolean parameter. If true (the default), any specified single-label hostnames will be searched in the domains configured in the search domain list, if it is non-empty. Otherwise, the search domain logic is disabled.
- Takes a boolean parameter. If true (the default), column headers and meta information about the query response are shown. Otherwise, this output is suppressed.
- If specified general resolver statistics are shown, including information whether DNSSEC is enabled and available, as well as resolution and validation statistics.
- Resets the statistics counters shown in --statistics to zero.
- Print a short help text and exit.
- Print a short version string and exit.
Example 1. Retrieve the addresses of the "www.0pointer.net" domain
$ systemd-resolve www.0pointer.net
Example 2. Retrieve the domain of the "126.96.36.199" IP address
$ systemd-resolve 188.8.131.52
Example 3. Retrieve the MX record of the "0pointer.net" domain
$ systemd-resolve -t MX 0pointer.net
Example 4. Resolve an SRV service
$ systemd-resolve --service _xmpp-server._tcp gmail.com
Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution