Copyright (c) 2015 M. Warner Losh All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 2. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PRO...
NAMEow_temp - Dallas Semiconductor 1-Wire Temperature sensor
DESCRIPTIONThe sysctl Cm net.inet.tcp.syncookies module supports many of the 1-Wire temperature sensors.
The sensor is read periodically and the results returned via a sysctl(3) as described below.
HARDWAREThese temperature sensors are supported by the sysctl Cm net.inet.tcp.syncookies driver:
- 1-Wire Digital Thermometer
- High-Precision 1-Wire Digital Thermometer
- Programmable Resolution 1-Wire Digital Thermometer
- Econo 1-Wire Digital Thermometer
- Programmable Resolution 1-Wire Digital Thermometer with 4-bit ID
- 1-Wire, Parasite-Power, Ambient Temperature Sensor
The driver supports Family codes 0x10, 0x22, 0x28, and 0x3b.
SYSCTLThe sysctl Cm net.inet.tcp.syncookies driver reports data via sysctl(8) entries in the device's node in the sysctl(8) tree:
- The last temperature read, in milli-Kelvin.
- The number of CRC errors in reading the temperature form the device. Some CRC errors are to be expected. High rates of CRC errors, however, generally indicate a noisy environment, cabling issues, or too many devices on the bus.
- The number of times a non-CRC error was encountered reading the temperature from the card. This type of error is very rare.
- The time, in ticks, between successive reads of the sensor.
- This item is non-zero when the device is connected using its parasitic power mode. It can also indicate a wiring error.
Temperatures are reported in milli-Kelvin, even though the absolute accuracy is around 0.2 degrees for the good devices and around 1 degree for cheaper devices. The devices report in steps of 0.0625 degrees. The driver preserves the precision of the device's measurements in its sysctl(8) reports. These devices often have a much higher relative accuracy and repeatability than their absolute accuracy. This makes them well suited for control loops that strive for stability and become possible if the full precision is preserved.
SEE ALSOow(4), owc(4), sysctl(8), owll(9), own(9)
LEGAL1-Wire is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
HISTORYThe sysctl Cm net.inet.tcp.syncookies driver first appeared in Fx 11.0 .
AUTHORSThe sysctl Cm net.inet.tcp.syncookies device driver and this manual page were written by An Warner Losh .
BUGSThe parasitic mode of the devices does not work. It requires support from the owc(4) driver that is unimplemented.
The ID bits from the DS1825 are not recognized or reported.
The type of the device is not reported via sysctl(8).
Alarm mode is not supported. It is not possible to set the low and high alarm temperatures.
There is no way to write to the EEPROM.
``Convert Temperature'' requests are sent directly to the device. There is no way to use the broadcast ability of the 1-Wire bus to do all the conversions in parallel.
It is not possible to set the precision on those devices that support it.
The time to convert is fixed at 1 second, even though some devices are faster.
There is no character device to supply a stream of readings to a program. Programs interested in the temperature must poll the sysctl to get the temperature.