scalbln (3)
PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.NAME
scalbln, scalblnf, scalblnl, scalbn, scalbnf, scalbnl  compute exponent using FLT_RADIXSYNOPSIS
#include <math.h> double scalbln(double x, long n); float scalblnf(float x, long n); long double scalblnl(long double x, long n); double scalbn(double x, int n); float scalbnf(float x, int n); long double scalbnl(long double x, int n);
DESCRIPTION
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.12008 defers to the ISO C standard. These functions shall compute x * FLT_RADIXn
efficiently, not normally by computing FLT_RADIXn
explicitly.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set
errno
to zero and call
feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT)
before calling these functions. On return, if
errno
is nonzero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID  FE_DIVBYZERO 
FE_OVERFLOW  FE_UNDERFLOW) is nonzero, an error has occurred.
RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return x * FLT_RADIXn
.
If the result would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and these
functions shall return ±HUGE_VAL, ±HUGE_VALF, and ±HUGE_VALL
(according to the sign of
x)
as appropriate for the return type of the function.
If the correct value would cause underflow,
and is not representable,
a range error may occur, and
scalbln(),
scalblnf(),
scalblnl(),
scalbn(),
scalbnf(),
and
scalbnl()
shall return
0.0, or
(if IEC 60559 FloatingPoint is not supported) an implementationdefined
value no greater in magnitude than DBL_MIN, FLT_MIN, LDBL_MIN, DBL_MIN,
FLT_MIN, and LDBL_MIN, respectively.
If
x
is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If
x
is ±0 or ±Inf,
x
shall be returned.
If
n
is 0,
x
shall be returned.
If the correct value would cause underflow, and is representable, a
range error may occur and the correct value shall be returned.
ERRORS
These functions shall fail if: Range Error

The result overflows.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the overflow floatingpoint exception shall be raised.
These functions may fail if: 
 Range Error

The result underflows.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the underflow floatingpoint exception shall be raised.

The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES
None.APPLICATION USAGE
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be nonzero.RATIONALE
These functions are named so as to avoid conflicting with the historical definition of the scalb() function from the Single UNIX Specification. The difference is that the scalb() function has a second argument of double instead of int. The scalb() function is not part of the ISO C standard. The three functions whose second type is long are provided because the factor required to scale from the smallest positive floatingpoint value to the largest finite one, on many implementations, is too large to represent in the minimumwidth int format.FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None.SEE ALSO
feclearexcept(), fetestexcept() The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.12008, Section 4.19, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology  Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.12008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at www.unix.org/online.html .Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see www.kernel.org/doc/manpages/reporting_bugs.html .