Copyright 1993 David Metcalfe (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Copyright 2008, Linux Foundation, written by Michael Kerrisk <email@example.com> %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM) Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are preserved on all copies. Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the entire resulting ...
NAMEldexp, ldexpf, ldexpl - multiply floating-point number by integral power of 2
#include <math.h> double ldexp(double x, int exp);
float ldexpf(float x, int exp);
long double ldexpl(long double x, int exp);
Link with -lm.
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE ||
_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
DESCRIPTIONThese functions return the result of multiplying the floating-point number x by 2 raised to the power exp.
RETURN VALUEOn success, these functions return x * (2^exp).
If exp is zero, then x is returned.
If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.
If x is positive infinity (negative infinity), positive infinity (negative infinity) is returned.
If the result underflows, a range error occurs, and zero is returned.
If the result overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with a sign the same as x.
ERRORSSee math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.
The following errors can occur:
- Range error, overflow
- errno is set to ERANGE. An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.
- Range error, underflow
- errno is set to ERANGE. An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.
ATTRIBUTESFor an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
|ldexp(), ldexpf(), ldexpl()||Thread safety||MT-Safe|
CONFORMING TOC99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.
The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.