### ceil (3)

#### PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.#### NAME

ceil, ceilf, ceill --- ceiling value function#### SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h> double ceil(doublex); float ceilf(floatx); long double ceill(long doublex);

#### DESCRIPTION

The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2008 defers to the ISO C standard. These functions shall compute the smallest integral value not less than*x*.

#### RETURN VALUE

The result shall have the same sign as*x*. Upon successful completion,

*ceil*(),

*ceilf*(), and

*ceill*() shall return the smallest integral value not less than

*x*, expressed as a type

**double**,

**float**, or

**long double**, respectively. If

*x*is NaN, a NaN shall be returned. If

*x*is ±0 or ±Inf,

*x*shall be returned.

#### ERRORS

No errors are defined.
*The following sections are informative.*

#### EXAMPLES

None.#### APPLICATION USAGE

The integral value returned by these functions need not be expressible as an**intmax_t**. The return value should be tested before assigning it to an integer type to avoid the undefined results of an integer overflow. These functions may raise the inexact floating-point exception if the result differs in value from the argument.

#### RATIONALE

None.#### FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.#### SEE ALSO

*feclearexcept*(),

*fetestexcept*(),

*floor*(),

*isnan*() The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008,

*Section 4.19*,

*Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions,*

**<math.h>**

#### COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at www.unix.org/online.html .Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .