Automatically generated by Pod::Man 2.28 (Pod::Simple 3.29) Standard preamble: ========================================================================
NAMEMIME::Types - Definition of MIME types
MIME::Types is a Exporter
use MIME::Types; my $mt = MIME::Types->new(...); # MIME::Types object my $type = $mt->type('text/plain'); # MIME::Type object my $type = $mt->mimeTypeOf('gif'); my $type = $mt->mimeTypeOf('picture.jpg'); my @types = $mt->httpAccept('text/html, application/json;q=0.1')
Sometimes detailed knowledge about a mime-type is need, however this module only knows about the file-name extensions which relate to some filetype. It can also be used to produce the right format: types which are not registered at
This object administers a huge list of known mime-types, combined from various sources. For instance, it contains all
MIME::Types and daemons (fork)If your program uses fork (usually for a daemon), then you want to have the type table initialized before you start forking. So, first call
my $mt = MIME::Types->new;
Later, each time you create this object (you may, of course, also reuse the object you create here) you will get access to the same global table of types.
Create a new "MIME::Types" object which manages the data. In the current
implementation, it does not matter whether you create this object often
within your program, but in the future this may change.
-Option --Default db_file <installed source> only_complete <false> only_iana <false> skip_extensions <false>
- db_file => FILENAME
The location of the database which contains the type information. Only the
first instantiation of this object will have this parameter obeyed.
[2.10] This parameter can be globally overruled via the "PERL_MIME_TYPE_DB" environment variable, which may be needed in case ofPARor other tricky installations. ForPAR,you probably set this environment variable to ``inc/lib/MIME/types.db''
- only_complete => BOOLEAN
Only include complete MIMEtype definitions: requires at least one known extension. This will reduce the number of entries --and with that the amount of memory consumed--- considerably.
In your program you have to decide: the first time that you call the creator ("new") determines whether you get the full or the partial information.
- only_iana => BOOLEAN
Only load the types which are currently known by IANA.
- skip_extensions => BOOLEAN
- Do not load the table to map extensions to types, which is quite large.
- db_file =>
- $obj->addType($type, ...)
Add one or more TYPEs to the set of known types. Each TYPEis a "MIME::Type" which must be experimental: either the main-type or the sub-type must start with "x-".
Please inform the maintainer of this module when registered types are missing. Before version MIME::Types version 1.14, a warning was produced when an unknownIANAtype was added. This has been removed, because some people need that to get their application to work locally... broken applications...
- Returns a list of all defined extensions.
- Returns a list of all defined mime-types by name only. This will not instantiate MIME::Type objects. See types()
Returns the "MIME::Type" object which belongs to the FILENAME(or simply its filename extension) or "undef" if the file type is unknown. The extension is used and considered case-insensitive.
In some cases, more than one type is known for a certain filename extension. In that case, the preferred one is taken (for an unclear definition of preference)
example: use of mimeTypeOf()
my $types = MIME::Types->new; my $mime = $types->mimeTypeOf('gif'); my $mime = $types->mimeTypeOf('picture.jpg'); print $mime->isBinary;
Returns the "MIME::Type" which describes the type related to STRING.[2.00] Only one type will be returned.
[before 2.00] One type may be described more than once. Different extensions may be in use for this type, and different operating systems may cause more than one "MIME::Type" object to be defined. In scalar context, only the first is returned.
- Returns a list of all defined mime-types. For reasons of backwards compatibility, this will instantiate MIME::Type objects, which will be returned. See listTypes().
[2.07] Decompose a typical HTTP-Accept header, and sort it based on the
included priority information. Returned is a sorted list of type names,
where the highest priority type is first. The list may contain '*/*'
(accept any) or a '*' as subtype.
Ill-formated typenames are ignored. On equal qualities, the order is kept. SeeRFC2616section 14.1
my @types = $types->httpAccept('text/html, application/json;q=0.9');
- $obj->httpAcceptBest($accept|\@types, @have)
[2.07] The $accept string is processed via httpAccept() to order the
types on preference. You may also provide a list of ordered @types
which may have been the result of that method, called earlier.
As second parameter, you pass aLISTof types you @have to offer. Those need to be MIME::Type objects. The preferred type will get selected. When none of these are accepted by the client, this will return "undef". It should result in a 406 server response.
my $accept = $req->header('Accept'); my @have = map $mt->type($_), qw[text/plain text/html]; my @ext = $mt->httpAcceptBest($accept, @have);
- $obj->httpAcceptSelect($accept|\@types, @filenames|\@filenames)
[2.07] Like httpAcceptBest(), but now we do not return a pair with mime-type
and filename, not just the type. If $accept is "undef", the first
filename is returned.
use HTTP::Status ':constants'; use File::Glob 'bsd_glob'; # understands blanks in filename my @filenames = bsd_glob "$imagedir/$fnbase.*; my $accept = $req->header('Accept'); my ($fn, $mime) = $mt->httpAcceptSelect($accept, @filenames); my $code = defined $mime ? HTTP_NOT_ACCEPTABLE : HTTP_OK;
FUNCTIONSThe next functions are provided for backward compatibility with MIME::Types versions [0.06] and below. This code originates from Jeff Okamoto email@example.com and others.
This function takes a media type and returns a list or anonymous array of
anonymous three-element arrays whose values are the file name suffix used to
identify it, the media type, and a content encoding.
TYPEcan be a full type name (contains '/', and will be matched in full), a partial type (which is used as regular expression) or a real regular expression.
Like "mimeTypeOf", but does not return an "MIME::Type" object. If the file
+type is unknown, both the returned media type and encoding are empty strings.
example: use of function by_suffix()
use MIME::Types 'by_suffix'; my ($mediatype, $encoding) = by_suffix('image.gif'); my $refdata = by_suffix('image.gif'); my ($mediatype, $encoding) = @$refdata;
This method has been removed: mime-types are only useful if understood
by many parties. Therefore, the IANAassigns names which can be used. In the table kept by this "MIME::Types" module all these names, plus the most often used temporary names are kept. When names seem to be missing, please contact the maintainer for inclusion.
SEE ALSOThis module is part of MIME-Types distribution version 2.13, built on March 07, 2016. Website: perl.overmeer.net/mimetypes
LICENSECopyrights 1999,2001-2016 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html