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NAMELocale::Codes::Country - standard codes for country identification
use Locale::Codes::Country; $country = code2country('jp' [,CODESET]); # $country gets 'Japan' $code = country2code('Norway' [,CODESET]); # $code gets 'no' @codes = all_country_codes( [CODESET]); @names = all_country_names(); # semi-private routines Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country('gb' => 'Great Britain');
DESCRIPTIONThis module provides access to several code sets that can be used for identifying countries, such as those defined in
Most of the routines take an optional additional argument which specifies the code set to use. If not specified, the default
SUPPORTED CODE SETSThere are several different code sets you can use for identifying countries. A code set may be specified using either a name, or a constant that is automatically exported by this module.
For example, the two are equivalent:
$country = code2country('jp','alpha-2'); $country = code2country('jp',LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2);
The codesets currently supported are:
- alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2
This is the set of two-letter (lowercase) codes from ISO 3166-1,such as 'tv' for Tuvalu.
This is the default code set.
- alpha-3, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_3
This is the set of three-letter (lowercase) codes from ISO 3166-1,such as 'brb' for Barbados. These codes are actually defined and maintained by the U.N. Statistics division.
- numeric, LOCALE_CODE_NUMERIC
This is the set of three-digit numeric codes from ISO 3166-1,such as 064 for Bhutan. These codes are actually defined and maintained by the U.N. Statistics division.
If a 2-digit code is entered, it is converted to 3 digits by prepending a 0.
- dom, LOCALE_CODE_DOM
The IANAis responsible for delegating management of the top level country domains. The country domains are the two-letter (lowercase) codes fromISO 3166with a few other additions.
- un-alpha-3, LOCALE_CODE_UN_ALPHA_3
- un-numeric, LOCALE_CODE_UN_NUMERIC
The UNmaintains a list of codes that is similar, but not identical, to the standardISO 3166lists. They maintain a 3-letter code (similar to alpha-3) and a numeric code (similar to numeric).
- genc-alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_GENC_ALPHA_2
- genc-alpha-3, LOCALE_CODE_GENC_ALPHA_3
- genc-numeric, LOCALE_CODE_GENC_NUMERIC
The GENCcodes are theUSGovernment codes that replace theFIPS-11codes. They are based on, but not identical to the standardISO 3166lists.
- code2country(CODE[,CODESET] [,'retired'])
- country2code(NAME[,CODESET] [,'retired'])
- country_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2)
- all_country_codes([CODESET] [,'retired'])
- all_country_names([CODESET] [,'retired'])
- Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country(CODE ,NEW_NAME[,CODESET])
- Locale::Codes::Country::add_country(CODE ,NAME[,CODESET])
- Locale::Codes::Country::add_country_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME)
- Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE[,CODESET])
- Locale::Codes::Country::add_country_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE[,CODESET])
- These routines are all documented in the Locale::Codes::API man page.
- The Locale-Codes distribution.
- The list of functions supported by this module.
ISOcodes for country sub-divisions (states, counties, provinces, etc), as defined inISO 3166-2.This module is not part of the Locale-Codes distribution, but is available fromCPANin CPAN/modules/by-module/Locale/
Official home page for the ISO 3166maintenance agency.
The source of ISO 3166-1two-letter codes used by this module.
- Official source of the top-level domain names.
The source of the UNcodes.
Previously, this table was treated as a source of theISO 3166data, but I found that the table was incomplete, so I stopped using it. Later, it was added back in as it's own list of codes.
The source of the GENCcodes.
The World Factbook maintained by the CIAis a potential source of the data. Unfortunately, it adds/preserves non-standard codes, so it is no longer used as a source of data.
- Another unofficial source of data. Currently, it is not used to get data, but the notes and explanatory material were very useful for understanding discrepancies between the sources.
AUTHORSee Locale::Codes for full author history.
Currently maintained by Sullivan Beck (email@example.com).
Copyright (c) 1997-2001 Canon Research Centre Europe (CRE). Copyright (c) 2001-2010 Neil Bowers Copyright (c) 2010-2016 Sullivan Beck
This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.