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NAMEIO::Socket::INET - Object interface for AF_INET domain sockets
DESCRIPTION"IO::Socket::INET" provides an object interface to creating and using sockets in the
- new ( [ARGS] )
Creates an "IO::Socket::INET" object, which is a reference to a
newly created symbol (see the "Symbol" package). "new"
optionally takes arguments, these arguments are in key-value pairs.
In addition to the key-value pairs accepted by IO::Socket, "IO::Socket::INET" provides.
PeerAddr Remote host address <hostname>[:<port>] PeerHost Synonym for PeerAddr PeerPort Remote port or service <service>[(<no>)] | <no> LocalAddr Local host bind address hostname[:port] LocalHost Synonym for LocalAddr LocalPort Local host bind port <service>[(<no>)] | <no> Proto Protocol name (or number) "tcp" | "udp" | ... Type Socket type SOCK_STREAM | SOCK_DGRAM | ... Listen Queue size for listen ReuseAddr Set SO_REUSEADDR before binding Reuse Set SO_REUSEADDR before binding (deprecated, prefer ReuseAddr) ReusePort Set SO_REUSEPORT before binding Broadcast Set SO_BROADCAST before binding Timeout Timeout value for various operations MultiHomed Try all addresses for multi-homed hosts Blocking Determine if connection will be blocking mode
If "Listen" is defined then a listen socket is created, else if the socket type, which is derived from the protocol, isSOCK_STREAMthen connect() is called. If the "Listen" argument is given, but false, the queue size will be set to 5.
Although it is not illegal, the use of "MultiHomed" on a socket which is in non-blocking mode is of little use. This is because the first connect will never fail with a timeout as the connect call will not block.
The "PeerAddr" can be a hostname or the IP-address on the ``xx.xx.xx.xx'' form. The "PeerPort" can be a number or a symbolic service name. The service name might be followed by a number in parenthesis which is used if the service is not known by the system. The "PeerPort" specification can also be embedded in the "PeerAddr" by preceding it with a ``:''.
If "Proto" is not given and you specify a symbolic "PeerPort" port, then the constructor will try to derive "Proto" from the service name. As a last resort "Proto" ``tcp'' is assumed. The "Type" parameter will be deduced from "Proto" if not specified.
If the constructor is only passed a single argument, it is assumed to be a "PeerAddr" specification.
If "Blocking" is set to 0, the connection will be in nonblocking mode. If not specified it defaults to 1 (blocking mode).
$sock = IO::Socket::INET->new(PeerAddr => 'www.perl.org', PeerPort => 'http(80)', Proto => 'tcp'); $sock = IO::Socket::INET->new(PeerAddr => 'localhost:smtp(25)'); $sock = IO::Socket::INET->new(Listen => 5, LocalAddr => 'localhost', LocalPort => 9000, Proto => 'tcp'); $sock = IO::Socket::INET->new('127.0.0.1:25'); $sock = IO::Socket::INET->new( PeerPort => 9999, PeerAddr => inet_ntoa(INADDR_BROADCAST), Proto => udp, LocalAddr => 'localhost', Broadcast => 1 ) or die "Can't bind : $@\n"; NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE
As ofVERSION 1.18all IO::Socket objects have autoflush turned on by default. This was not the case with earlier releases.
NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE
- sockaddr ()
- Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket
- sockport ()
- Return the port number that the socket is using on the local host
- sockhost ()
- Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket in a text form xx.xx.xx.xx
- peeraddr ()
- Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket on the peer host
- peerport ()
- Return the port number for the socket on the peer host.
- peerhost ()
- Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket on the peer host in a text form xx.xx.xx.xx