Copyright (c) 1993 by Thomas Koenig (email@example.com) and Copyright (c) 2004 by Michael Kerrisk <firstname.lastname@example.org> %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM) Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are preserved on all copies. Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the entire resulting derived wor...
NAMEwait3, wait4 - wait for process to change state, BSD style
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/time.h> #include <sys/resource.h> #include <sys/wait.h> pid_t wait3(int *status, int options, struct rusage *rusage); pid_t wait4(pid_t pid, int *status, int options, struct rusage *rusage);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
- _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
DESCRIPTIONThese functions are obsolete; use waitpid(2) or waitid(2) in new programs.
The wait3() and wait4() system calls are similar to waitpid(2), but additionally return resource usage information about the child in the structure pointed to by rusage.
Other than the use of the rusage argument, the following wait3() call:
wait3(status, options, rusage);is equivalent to:
waitpid(-1, status, options);Similarly, the following wait4() call:
wait4(pid, status, options, rusage);is equivalent to:
waitpid(pid, status, options);In other words, wait3() waits of any child, while wait4() can be used to select a specific child, or children, on which to wait. See wait(2) for further details.
If rusage is not NULL, the struct rusage to which it points will be filled with accounting information about the child. See getrusage(2) for details.
RETURN VALUEAs for waitpid(2).
ERRORSAs for waitpid(2).
SUSv1 included a specification of wait3(); SUSv2 included wait3(), but marked it LEGACY; SUSv3 removed it.