Copyright (C) 1999 Joseph Samuel Myers. %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM) Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are preserved on all copies. Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one. Since the Linux ker...
NAMEpread, pwrite - read from or write to a file descriptor at a given offset
ssize_t pread(int fd, void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset);
ssize_t pwrite(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
|| /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L
DESCRIPTIONpread() reads up to count bytes from file descriptor fd at offset offset (from the start of the file) into the buffer starting at buf. The file offset is not changed.
pwrite() writes up to count bytes from the buffer starting at buf to the file descriptor fd at offset offset. The file offset is not changed.
The file referenced by fd must be capable of seeking.
RETURN VALUEOn success, pread() returns the number of bytes read (a return of zero indicates end of file) and pwrite() returns the number of bytes written.
On error, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the cause of the error.
ERRORSpread() can fail and set errno to any error specified for read(2) or lseek(2). pwrite() can fail and set errno to any error specified for write(2) or lseek(2).
VERSIONSThe pread() and pwrite() system calls were added to Linux in version 2.1.60; the entries in the i386 system call table were added in 2.1.69. C library support (including emulation using lseek(2) on older kernels without the system calls) was added in glibc 2.1.
CONFORMING TOPOSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.
NOTESThe pread() and pwrite() system calls are especially useful in multithreaded applications. They allow multiple threads to perform I/O on the same file descriptor without being affected by changes to the file offset by other threads.
C library/kernel differencesOn Linux, the underlying system calls were renamed in kernel 2.6: pread() became pread64(), and pwrite() became pwrite64(). The system call numbers remained the same. The glibc pread() and pwrite() wrapper functions transparently deal with the change.
On some 32-bit architectures, the calling signature for these system calls differ, for the reasons described in syscall(2).