Copyright (c) 1998 Terry Lambert All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or othe...
NAMEaio_read - asynchronous read from a file (REALTIME)
SYNOPSISIn aio.h Ft int Fn aio_read struct aiocb *iocb
DESCRIPTIONThe Fn aio_read system call allows the calling process to read Fa iocb->aio_nbytes from the descriptor Fa iocb->aio_fildes beginning at the offset Fa iocb->aio_offset into the buffer pointed to by Fa iocb->aio_buf . The call returns immediately after the read request has been enqueued to the descriptor; the read may or may not have completed at the time the call returns.
If _POSIX_PRIORITIZED_IO is defined, and the descriptor supports it, then the enqueued operation is submitted at a priority equal to that of the calling process minus Fa iocb->aio_reqprio .
The Fa iocb->aio_lio_opcode argument is ignored by the Fn aio_read system call.
The Fa iocb pointer may be subsequently used as an argument to Fn aio_return and Fn aio_error in order to determine return or error status for the enqueued operation while it is in progress.
If the request could not be enqueued (generally due to invalid arguments), then the call returns without having enqueued the request.
If the request is successfully enqueued, the value of Fa iocb->aio_offset can be modified during the request as context, so this value must not be referenced after the request is enqueued.
The Fa iocb->aio_sigevent structure can be used to request notification of the operation's completion as described in aio(4).
RESTRICTIONSThe Asynchronous I/O Control Block structure pointed to by Fa iocb and the buffer that the Fa iocb->aio_buf member of that structure references must remain valid until the operation has completed.
The asynchronous I/O control buffer Fa iocb should be zeroed before the Fn aio_read call to avoid passing bogus context information to the kernel.
Modifications of the Asynchronous I/O Control Block structure or the buffer contents are not allowed while the request is queued.
If the file offset in Fa iocb->aio_offset is past the offset maximum for Fa iocb->aio_fildes , no I/O will occur.
RETURN VALUESRv -std aio_read
ERRORSThe Fn aio_read system call will fail if:
- Bq Er EAGAIN
- The request was not queued because of system resource limitations.
- Bq Er EINVAL
- The asynchronous notification method in Fa iocb->aio_sigevent.sigev_notify is invalid or not supported.
- Bq Er EOPNOTSUPP
- Asynchronous read operations on the file descriptor Fa iocb->aio_fildes are unsafe and unsafe asynchronous I/O operations are disabled.
The following conditions may be synchronously detected when the Fn aio_read system call is made, or asynchronously, at any time thereafter. If they are detected at call time, Fn aio_read returns -1 and sets errno appropriately; otherwise the Fn aio_return system call must be called, and will return -1, and Fn aio_error must be called to determine the actual value that would have been returned in errno
- Bq Er EBADF
- The Fa iocb->aio_fildes argument is invalid.
- Bq Er EINVAL
- The offset Fa iocb->aio_offset is not valid, the priority specified by Fa iocb->aio_reqprio is not a valid priority, or the number of bytes specified by Fa iocb->aio_nbytes is not valid.
- Bq Er EOVERFLOW
- The file is a regular file, Fa iocb->aio_nbytes is greater than zero, the starting offset in Fa iocb->aio_offset is before the end of the file, but is at or beyond the Fa iocb->aio_fildes offset maximum.
If the request is successfully enqueued, but subsequently cancelled or an error occurs, the value returned by the Fn aio_return system call is per the read(2) system call, and the value returned by the Fn aio_error system call is either one of the error returns from the read(2) system call, or one of:
- Bq Er EBADF
- The Fa iocb->aio_fildes argument is invalid for reading.
- Bq Er ECANCELED
- The request was explicitly cancelled via a call to Fn aio_cancel .
- Bq Er EINVAL
- The offset Fa iocb->aio_offset would be invalid.