(The preceding line is a note to broken versions of man to tell
them to pre-process this man page with tbl)
Man page for kill.
Licensed under version 2 of the GNU General Public License.
Written by Albert Cahalan; converted to a man page by
Michael K. Johnson
(The comments found at the beginning of the groff file "man1/kill.1".)
kill - send a signal to a process
[options] <pid> [...]
The default signal for kill is TERM. Use
to list available signals. Particularly useful signals include HUP,
INT, KILL, STOP, CONT, and 0. Alternate signals may be specified in
Negative PID values may be used to choose whole process groups; see
the PGID column in ps command output. A PID of
is special; it indicates all processes except the kill process itself
- <pid> [...]
Send signal to every <pid> listed.
to be sent. The signal can be specified by using name or number.
The behavior of signals is explained in
- -l, --list [signal]
List signal names. This option has optional argument, which
will convert signal number to signal name, or other way round.
- -L, --table
List signal names in a nice table.
Your shell (command line interpreter) may have a built-in kill
command. You may need to run the command described here as /bin/kill
to solve the conflict.
- kill -9 -1
Kill all processes you can kill.
- kill -l 11
Translate number 11 into a signal name.
- kill -L
List the available signal choices in a nice table.
- kill 123 543 2341 3453
Send the default signal, SIGTERM, to all those processes.
This command meets appropriate standards. The
flag is Linux-specific.
wrote kill in 1999 to replace a bsdutils one that was not standards
compliant. The util-linux one might also work correctly.
Please send bug reports to