### hoc (1)

#### NAME

hoc - interactive floating point language#### SYNOPSIS

**hoc**[

*file ...*] [

**-e**

*expression*]

#### DESCRIPTION

*Hoc*interprets a simple language for floating point arithmetic, at about the level of BASIC, with C-like syntax and functions.

The named
*files*
are read and interpreted in order.
If no
*file*
is given or if
*file*
is
*hoc*
interprets the standard input.
The
**-e**
option allows input to
*hoc*
to be specified on the command line, to be treated as if it appeared in a file.

*Hoc*
input consists of
*expressions*
and
*statements*.
Expressions are evaluated and their results printed.
Statements, typically assignments and function or procedure
definitions, produce no output unless they explicitly call
*print*.

Variable names have the usual syntax, including
the name
by itself contains the value of the last expression evaluated.
The variables
**E**,
**PI**,
**PHI**,
**GAMMA**
and
**DEG **
are predefined; the last is 59.25..., degrees per radian.

Expressions are formed with these C-like operators, listed by decreasing precedence.

**^**- exponentiation
**! - ++ --***** / %****+ -****> >= < <= == !=****&&****||****= += -= *= /= %=**

Built in functions are
**abs**,
**acos**,
**asin**,
**atan**
(one argument),
**cos**,
**cosh**,
**exp**,
**int**,
**log**,
**log10**,
**sin**,
**sinh**,
**sqrt**,
**tan**,
and
**tanh**.
The function
**read(x)**
reads a value into the variable
**x**
and returns 0 at EOF;
the statement
**print**
prints a list of expressions that may include
string constants such as
`"hello\n"`.

Control flow statements are
**if**-**else**,
**while**,
and
**for**,
with braces for grouping.
Newline ends a statement.
Backslash-newline is equivalent to a space.

Functions and procedures are introduced by the words
**func**
and
**proc**;
**return**
is used to return with a value from a function.

#### EXAMPLES

func gcd(a, b) {`temp = abs(a) % abs(b)`

`if(temp == 0) return abs(b)`

`return gcd(b, temp)`

} for(i=1; i<12; i++) print gcd(i,12)

#### SOURCE

**/src/cmd/hoc**

#### SEE ALSO

*bc*(1),

*dc*(1)

B. W. Kernighan and R. Pike,

*The Unix Programming Environment,*Prentice-Hall, 1984