NAMEdcmrecv - Simple DICOM storage SCP (receiver)
dcmrecv [options] port
The dcmrecv application implements a Service Class Provider (SCP) for the Storage Service Class. In contrast to the well-known storescp utility, dcmrecv has less options and might, therefore, be easier to use - this also explains the term 'simple' in the title. The main purpose of this application is to receive a whole bunch of DICOM datasets from a Storage Service Class User (SCU) and store them to a configurable directory and file structure.
port tcp/ip port number to listen on
-h --help print this help text and exit --version print version information and exit --arguments print expanded command line arguments -q --quiet quiet mode, print no warnings and errors -v --verbose verbose mode, print processing details -d --debug debug mode, print debug information -ll --log-level [l]evel: string constant (fatal, error, warn, info, debug, trace) use level l for the logger -lc --log-config [f]ilename: string use config file f for the logger +v --verbose-pc show presentation contexts in verbose mode
association negotiation profile from configuration file: -xf --config-file [f]ilename, [p]rofile: string use profile p from configuration file f application entity title: -aet --aetitle [a]etitle: string set my AE title (default: DCMRECV) -uca --use-called-aetitle always respond with called AE title other network options: -ta --acse-timeout [s]econds: integer (default: 30) timeout for ACSE messages -td --dimse-timeout [s]econds: integer (default: unlimited) timeout for DIMSE messages -pdu --max-pdu [n]umber of bytes: integer (4096..131072) set max receive pdu to n bytes (default: 16384) -dhl --disable-host-lookup disable hostname lookup
general: -od --output-directory [d]irectory: string (default: ".") write received objects to existing directory d subdirectory generation: -s --no-subdir do not generate any subdirectories (default) +ssd --series-date-subdir generate subdirectories from series date filename generation: +fd --default-filenames generate filename from instance UID (default) +fu --unique-filenames generate unique filename based on new UID +fsu --short-unique-names generate short pseudo-random unique filename +fst --system-time-names generate filename from current system time -fe --filename-extension [e]xtension: string (default: none) append e to all generated filenames storage mode: -B --normal allow implicit format conversions (default) +B --bit-preserving write dataset exactly as received --ignore ignore dataset, receive but do not store it
Typical UsageA typical use case of dcmrecv is to receive SOP instances that are sent from a storage SCU and save them as DICOM files. The following command does exactly this:
dcmrecv --verbose <port> --config-file storescp.cfg default
If you prefer some automatically created subdirectory structure, shorter file names and the extension '.dcm' for all DICOM files, use the following command:
dcmrecv -v -xf storescp.cfg default <port> --series-date-subdir --short-unique-names --filename-extension .dcm
In case of very large SOP instances or if the dataset should be written exactly as received (e.g. for debugging purposes), the 'bit preserving mode' could be used:
dcmrecv -v -xf storescp.cfg default <port> --bit-preserving
The received datasets are always stored as DICOM files with the same Transfer Syntax as used for the network transmission.
DICOM ConformanceBasically, the dcmrecv application supports all Storage SOP Classes as an SCP, including private ones. This requires, however, that a corresponding association negotiation profile is loaded from a configuration file. The format and semantics of this configuration file are documented in asconfig.txt.
By default, that means if no association negotiation profile is loaded, dcmrecv only supports the Verification SOP Class as an SCP (with default transfer syntax, i.e. Implicit VR Litte Endian).
In the future, there might be additional options that allow for specifying the list of supported Presentation Contexts (i.e. combination of SOP Class and Transfer Syntaxes) directly, i.e. without loading a configuration file.
Subdirectory GenerationThe option --series-date-subdir allows for generating subdirectories (below the specified output directory) based on the value of the data element Series Date (0008,0021) from the received DICOM dataset. If this value could be retrieved from the dataset and is valid (i.e. consists of a valid DICOM date field), the subdirectory structure is as follows:
If the Series Date (0008,0021) cannot be retrieved or is invalid, the current system date is used for the following subdirectory structure:
In both cases, <year> consists of 4 decimal digits and <month> as well as <day> of 2 decimal digits.
Filename GenerationBy default, the filenames for storing the received DICOM datasets are generated according to the following scheme:
If the same SOP instance is received twice, a warning message is reported and the existing file is overwritten.
The option --unique-filenames makes sure that each received DICOM dataset is stored as a separate file, i.e. no files should ever be overwritten. This is done by using a newly created unique identifier (UID) for each generated filename (and the infix '.X' in order to avoid conflicts with real SOP Instance UID values). The naming scheme for this option is as follows:
When option --short-unique-names is used, the filenames are generated by some pseudo-random name generator, which also makes sure that there are no conflicts (i.e. existing files are not overwritten). This is the naming scheme:
With <pseudo-random-name> consisting of 16 digits in hexadecimal notation.
Finally, option --system-time-names allows for generating filenames based on the current system time:
With <date> consisting of '<year><month><day>' and <time> of '<hour><minute><second>.<micro-second>'. Please note that this scheme could result in naming conflicts if the resolution of the system time is not sufficiently high (i.e. does not support microseconds).
LimitationsPlease note that option --bit-preserving cannot be used together with option --series-date-subdir since the received dataset is stored directly to file and the value of the Series Date (0008,0021) is, therefore, not available before the file has been created.
The level of logging output of the various command line tools and underlying libraries can be specified by the user. By default, only errors and warnings are written to the standard error stream. Using option --verbose also informational messages like processing details are reported. Option --debug can be used to get more details on the internal activity, e.g. for debugging purposes. Other logging levels can be selected using option --log-level. In --quiet mode only fatal errors are reported. In such very severe error events, the application will usually terminate. For more details on the different logging levels, see documentation of module 'oflog'.
In case the logging output should be written to file (optionally with logfile rotation), to syslog (Unix) or the event log (Windows) option --log-config can be used. This configuration file also allows for directing only certain messages to a particular output stream and for filtering certain messages based on the module or application where they are generated. An example configuration file is provided in <etcdir>/logger.cfg.
All command line tools use the following notation for parameters: square brackets enclose optional values (0-1), three trailing dots indicate that multiple values are allowed (1-n), a combination of both means 0 to n values.
Command line options are distinguished from parameters by a leading '+' or '-' sign, respectively. Usually, order and position of command line options are arbitrary (i.e. they can appear anywhere). However, if options are mutually exclusive the rightmost appearance is used. This behavior conforms to the standard evaluation rules of common Unix shells.
In addition, one or more command files can be specified using an '@' sign as a prefix to the filename (e.g. @command.txt). Such a command argument is replaced by the content of the corresponding text file (multiple whitespaces are treated as a single separator unless they appear between two quotation marks) prior to any further evaluation. Please note that a command file cannot contain another command file. This simple but effective approach allows one to summarize common combinations of options/parameters and avoids longish and confusing command lines (an example is provided in file <datadir>/dumppat.txt).
The dcmrecv utility uses the following exit codes when terminating. This enables the user to check for the reason why the application terminated.
EXITCODE_NO_ERROR 0 EXITCODE_COMMANDLINE_SYNTAX_ERROR 1
input file errors
EXITCODE_CANNOT_READ_INPUT_FILE 20 (*)
output file errors
EXITCODE_CANNOT_WRITE_OUTPUT_FILE 40 (*) EXITCODE_INVALID_OUTPUT_DIRECTORY 45
EXITCODE_CANNOT_INITIALIZE_NETWORK 60 (*) EXITCODE_CANNOT_START_SCP_AND_LISTEN 64 EXITCODE_INVALID_ASSOCIATION_CONFIG 66
(*) Actually, these codes are currently not used by dcmrecv but serve as a placeholder for the corresponding group of exit codes.
The dcmrecv utility will attempt to load DICOM data dictionaries specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. By default, i.e. if the DCMDICTPATH environment variable is not set, the file <datadir>/dicom.dic will be loaded unless the dictionary is built into the application (default for Windows).
The default behavior should be preferred and the DCMDICTPATH environment variable only used when alternative data dictionaries are required. The DCMDICTPATH environment variable has the same format as the Unix shell PATH variable in that a colon (':') separates entries. On Windows systems, a semicolon (';') is used as a separator. The data dictionary code will attempt to load each file specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. It is an error if no data dictionary can be loaded.
<docdir>/asconfig.txt - configuration file documentation
<etcdir>/storescp.cfg - example association negotiation profile
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