recode --version (return code: 0)
Free recode 3.6 Written by Franc,ois Pinard <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Copyright (C) 1990, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 99 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
recode --help (return code: 0)
Free `recode' converts files between various character sets and surfaces. Usage: recode [OPTION]... [ [CHARSET] | REQUEST [FILE]... ] If a long option shows an argument as mandatory, then it is mandatory for the equivalent short option also. Similarly for optional arguments. Listings: -l, --list[=FORMAT] list one or all known charsets and aliases -k, --known=PAIRS restrict charsets according to known PAIRS list -h, --header[=[LN/]NAME] write table NAME on stdout using LN, then exit -F, --freeze-tables write out a C module holding all tables -T, --find-subsets report all charsets being subset of others -C, --copyright display Copyright and copying conditions --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit Operation modes: -v, --verbose explain sequence of steps and report progress -q, --quiet, --silent inhibit messages about irreversible recodings -f, --force force recodings even when not reversible -t, --touch touch the recoded files after replacement -i, --sequence=files use intermediate files for sequencing passes --sequence=memory use memory buffers for sequencing passes -p, --sequence=pipe use pipe machinery for sequencing passes Fine tuning: -s, --strict use strict mappings, even loose characters -d, --diacritics convert only diacritics or alike for HTML/LaTeX -S, --source[=LN] limit recoding to strings and comments as for LN -c, --colons use colons instead of double quotes for diaeresis -g, --graphics approximate IBMPC rulers by ASCII graphics -x, --ignore=CHARSET ignore CHARSET while choosing a recoding path Option -l with no FORMAT nor CHARSET list available charsets and surfaces. FORMAT is `decimal', `octal', `hexadecimal' or `full' (or one of `dohf'). Unless DEFAULT_CHARSET is set in environment, CHARSET defaults to the locale dependent encoding, determined by LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LANG. With -k, possible before charsets are listed for the given after CHARSET, both being tabular charsets, with PAIRS of the form `BEF1:AFT1,BEF2:AFT2,...' and BEFs and AFTs being codes are given as decimal numbers. LN is some language, it may be `c', `perl' or `po'; `c' is the default. REQUEST is SUBREQUEST[,SUBREQUEST]...; SUBREQUEST is ENCODING[..ENCODING]... ENCODING is [CHARSET][/[SURFACE]]...; REQUEST often looks like BEFORE..AFTER, with BEFORE and AFTER being charsets. An omitted CHARSET implies the usual charset; an omitted [/SURFACE]... means the implied surfaces for CHARSET; a / with an empty surface name means no surfaces at all. See the manual. If none of -i and -p are given, presume -p if no FILE, else -i. Each FILE is recoded over itself, destroying the original. If no FILE is specified, then act as a filter and recode stdin to stdout. Report bugs to <email@example.com>.